Investigating the relationship between eating habits, blood pressure, weight and lifestyle in children aged 6 to 18 years in East Azerbaijan province

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Associate Professor of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism, Pediatric Health Research Center, Tabriz University Of medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The risk of obesity and subsequent hypertension in children is associated with several variables; The most prominent of these variables that can be modified are eating habits and lifestyle in children; Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between eating habits, blood pressure, weight and lifestyle in children aged 6 to 18 years in East Azerbaijan province.

Methods: This correlation study was conducted in 2019 with the participation of 850 children (492 boys and 358 girls) in East Azerbaijan; Blood pressure, weight, eating habits and lifestyle of each child registered in the apple system were examined. The relationship between each variable and descriptive and inferential statistics was investigated.

Results: 86.12% of normal blood pressure was 9.41% of prehypertension And 4.47% had hypertension. The relationship between systolic blood pressure and dairy products (r = 0.020) watching TV / computer (r = 0.041), BMI (r = 0.001) and BMI quarters (r = 0.001) and age (R = 0.001) was statistically significant and the other variables did not show a statistically significant relationship.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that based on the criteria used in this national program, and the high prevalence of hypertension among them, dietary intake and lifestyle with high blood pressure in obese children and adolescents show a significant correlation. Therefore, nutritionists and health professionals should further evaluate their food intake and lifestyle when providing advice to children and adolescents with overweight and obesity.

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