ISC, DOAJ, CAS, Google Scholar......

Document Type : Review

Authors

1 2. Ali Reza Naseri: Assistant Professor of Radiotherapy, Department of Radiology, Rahat Breath and Sleep Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Surgery, Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

In breast cancer epidemiology, we study high-risk groups, geographical distribution and prevalence in Iran. Next, we examine the etiology of breast cancer, which includes three factors: hormonal, genetic, and environmental. Types of breast cancer include 1- Invasive carcinoma 2- Non-invasive carcinoma, each of which is divided into duct and lobular and there are other types that include medullary, mucosal, inflammatory and Paget carcinomas. We will examine each raga separately in the following. Following the types of breast cancer, we examine risk factors or risk factors, including, gene mutation, aging, personal and family history of breast cancer, premature menstruation, late menopause, and… each of which is discussed separately. دادیم. Following are four stages of breast cancer and the clinical signs of the disease. Explain the screening and diagnosis, which includes: 1- Personal examination 2- Examination of the breasts by a doctor 3- Mammography 4- Galactography 5- Ultrasonography 6- Magnetic resonance imaging 7- Fine needle aspiration 8- Biopsy. We also describe separately the treatments that are performed for this disease today, which include: 1- Modified radical mastectomy 2- Breast maintenance surgery 3- Radiation therapy 4- Chemotherapy 5- Hormone therapy 6- Bone marrow transplantation in addition to future therapies.

Keywords

Main Subjects

  1. F Shakerian, S Dadfarnia, AM Haji Shabani, G Shiralian Esfahani, Preconcentration and determination of lead(II) by microextraction based on suspended cadion covered zirconia nano-particles in a surfactant media. Microchim Acta, 180,1225– 1232(2013)
  2. SL Zeng, N Gan, R Weideman-Mera, YT Cao, Li TH, Sang WG, Enrichment of polychlorinated biphenyl 28 from aqueous solutions using Fe3O4 grafted graphene oxide. Chem Eng J, 218,108–115 (2013)
  3. AA Asgharinezhad, N Jalilian, H Ebrahimzadeh, Z Panjali, A simple and fast method based on new magnetic ion imprinted polymer nanoparticles for the selective extraction of Ni(II) ions in different food samples. RSC Adv, 5,45510–45519(2015)
  4. R Ahmadi, MK Karimi Raja, Investigation of Adsorption Enthalpy of Prolin on the Surface of Graphene with and without Si: A DFT Study, International Journal of New Chemistry, 2 ,3, 50-54(2015)
  5. E Tahmasebi, Y Yamini, Polythiophene-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles as a selective adsorbent for magnetic solid-phase extraction of silver(I), gold(III), copper(II) and palladium(II). Microchim Acta, 181,543–551 (2014)
  6. Y Cui, S Liu, K Wei, Y Liu, Z HuMagnetic, solid-phase extraction of trace-level mercury(II) ions using magnetic coreshell nanoparticlesmodified with thiourea-derived chelating agents. Microchim Acta, 182,1337–1344 (2015)
  7. A Mehdinia, Z Shoormeij, A Jabbari,  Trace determination of lead(II) ions by using a magnetic nanocomposite of the type Fe3O4/ TiO2/PPy as a sorbent, and FAAS for quantitation. Microchim Acta, 184,1529–1537(2017)
  8. QL Li, LL Wang, X Wang, ML Wang, RS Zhao, Magnetic metal-organic nanotubes: an adsorbent for magnetic solid-phase extraction of polychlorinated biphenyls from environmental and biological samples. J Chromatogr A, 1449,39–47(2016)
  9. Y Yang, X Ma, F Feng, X Dang, J Huang, H Chen, Magnetic solid-phase extraction of triclosan using core-shell Fe3O4@MIL-100 magnetic nanoparticles, and its determination by HPLC with UV detection. Microchim Acta, 183,2467–2472 (2016)
  10. M Kolaei, K Dashtian, Z Rafiee, M Ghaedi, Ultrasonicassisted magnetic solid phase extraction of morphine in urine samples by new imprinted polymer-supported on MWCNT- Fe3O4-NPs: central composite design optimization. Ultrason Sonochem, 33,240–248(2016)
  11. J Liu, Z Zhao, P Shao, F Cui, Activation of peroxy monosulfate with magnetic Fe3O4-MnO2 core-shell nanocomposites for 4-chlorophenol degradation. Chem Eng J, 262,854–861(2015)
  12. P Rocío-Bautista, I Pacheco-Fernández, J Pasán, V Pino, Are metal-organic frameworks able to provide a new generation of solid-phase microextraction coatings?-a review. Anal Chim Acta, 939,26–41(2016)
  13. F Maya, CP Cabello, RM Frizzarin, JM Estela, GT Palomino, V Cerdà, Magnetic solid-phase extraction using metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and their derived carbons. TrAC, Trends Anal Chem, 90,142–152 (2017)
  14.