Introduction: By knowing more about the risk factors of S.C.C in Iran and comparing it with global statistics, it will be possible to become more aware of the risk factors in Iran and take precautionary measures and prevent this deadly malignancy. This study is designed to better understand these risk factors in the hospitals of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.
Material and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate patients with S.C.C referred to the hospitals of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Clinical status and risk factors of 54 patients with S.C.C were extracted from their clinical records and the results were reported.
Results: The results showed that out of the total patients, 20 were in Stage II and 14 were in Stage III, and only 6 patients with Stage I and 4 patients with Stage IV were referred to the medical center. The study showed how to treat patients. Thirty-six patients underwent radiotherapy alone, 12 underwent surgery and radiotherapy, one underwent chemotherapy, and five underwent a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Conclusion: The most common sites of involvement were the tongue 15, the lower lip 14 and the buccal mucosa 11, with a higher proportion of male patients on the lower lip. The main treatment for oral cancer was radiotherapy. Simultaneous radiotherapy and surgery treatments and simultaneous radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatments were in the next rows. At the time of referral, most patients were in Stage II and III.