Introduction: Surgery in areas that have many arteries, such as the chest and larynx, can lead to arterial thrombosis; Since arterial thrombosis following thyroidectomy may lead to the death of the patient, we decided to conduct the present study with the aim of arterial thrombosis following total thyroidectomy.
Material and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was performed during 2020 with the participation of all patients who were candidates for total thyroidectomy. Patients were evaluated for symptoms of arterial thrombosis after surgery (for 50 hours) and the prevalence of arterial thrombosis was confirmed by clinical signs and ultrasound.
Results: Five patients with symptoms of arterial thrombosis were observed who initially had symptoms such as pain and swelling in the operated area, redness in the operated area and swelling in the face; Meanwhile, cyanosis and local discoloration in the neck area were also observed in all patients. Ultrasound was performed for all patients and the results of ultrasound showed that all 5 patients had arterial thrombosis. All patients were diagnosed within the second 24 hours.
Conclusion: Arterial thrombosis after thyroidectomy is a rare complication characterized by pain and inflammation; Total thyroidectomy due to the nature of surgery can increase the risk of arterial thrombosis.