Introduction: Acute kidney injury is a common complication in critically ill patients and the intensive care unit. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the frequency and severity of acute kidney injury in trauma patients admitted to the ICU of Imam Khomeini Hospital from March 2017 to March 2018 so that perhaps using the information obtained, help a step towards prevention, diagnosis and Quickly treat these patients and reduce their mortality.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, the files of 120 trauma patients admitted to the ICU from medical records were examined. demographic profile and kidney failure tests were extracted. Version 17 of SPSS software was used to data analysis.
Results: In this descriptive-analytical study, 120 traumatic patients were included in the study that 100 (83.3%) of them were male and 20 (16.7%) of them were female with average age of 34.74±22.82 . The acute kidney damage was observed in 10 people (8.3%). The most common concomitant trauma in AKI patients was pelvic and thoracic trauma. Of the 10 patients with acute kidney damage, 4 (40%) required dialysis. Of the 10 patients with acute renal failure, 6 (60%) died in the intensive care unit and 4 (40%) were discharged ( P= 0.001).
Conclusion: In this study, there was a significant relationship between acute renal failure and the consequence of hospitalized patients in intensive care.