ISC, DOAJ, CAS, Google Scholar......

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Assistant Professor of Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Rahat Breath and Sleep Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 2. Ali Reza Naseri: Assistant Professor of Radiotherapy, Department of Radiology, Rahat Breath and Sleep Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Mastectomy is a surgical procedure that can adversely affect mental health aspects and even quality of life (OOL) of patients. However, more research is needed to address this issue. This study hence aimed to investigate the psychological factors affecting OOL of breast cancer patients after mastectomy.

Methodology: This descriptive correlational study was conducted on 360 women (180 healthy women in the control group and 180 mastectomized women in the case group) at hospitals affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (TUOMS) from 2018 to 2020. The participants were selected using convenience sampling and the data were collected using the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Hopelessness Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI), and the SF-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire. Finally, the data were statistically analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tests.

Findings: The results showed that the mastectomized patients (the case group) experienced higher levels of anxiety, hopelessness, and depression and poorer personality traits compared to the normal women (the control group). As a result, QOL was lower in mastectomized patients than in the control group.

Discussion and conclusion: The study findings suggested higher prevalence of mental illnesses among the mastectomized women because they experienced higher levels of anxiety, hopelessness, and depression and exhibited much poorer personality traits. All these variables reduced the QOL of such women.

Keywords

Main Subjects

1.J. Fabian, H. Nakazumi, M. Matsuoka, Chemical Reviews, 92, 1197 (1992).
2. R. R. Lunt, V. Bulovic, Applied Physics Letters, 98, 113305 (2011).
3. K. Kwon, T. Son, K. J. Lee, B. Jung, Lasers in Medical Science, 24, 605 (2009).
4. A. Bera, D. Bagchi, S. K. Pal, The Journal of Physical Chemistry A., 123, 7550 (2019).
5. Z. Shoujun, H. Zhubin, T. Rui, C.Y. Bryant, Y. Qinglai, Z. Su, O. K. Dale, N. Gang, S. Haitao, L.A. Alexander, C. Xiaoyuan, Advanced Materials, 30, 1 (2018).
6. F. Tahmaszade, H. R. Shamlouei, Solar Energy, 188, 1031 (2019).
7. P. Brogdon, H. Cheema, J.H. Delcamp, ChemSusChem., 11, 86 (2018).
8. C.M. Marian, M. Etinski, V. Rai-Constapel, J. Phys. Chem. A., 118, 6985 (2014).
9. X. Zhan, A. Facchetti, S. Barlow, T.J. Marks, M.A. Ratner, M.R. Wasielewski, S.R. Marder, Adv. Mater., 23, 268 (2011).
10. U. Mayerhffer, K. Deing, K. Gruß, H. Braunschweig, K. Meerholz, F. Würthner, Chem. Int. Ed., 48, 8776 (2009).
11. Z. Chen, U. Baumeister, C. Tschierske, F. Würthner, Chem. Eur. J., 13, 450 (2007).
12. G. Fan, L. Yang and Z. Chen, Front. Chem. Sci. Eng., 8, 405 (2014).
13. A. Loudet, K. Burgess, Chem. Rev., 107, 4891 (2007).
14. S-C.n Lee, D. Zhai, Y-T. Chang, Tetrahedron Letters, 54, 2976 (2013).
15. S. Zhu, J. Zhang, G. Vegesna, F-T. Luo, S.A. Green, Liu H. Org. Lett., 13, 438 (2011).
16. N. Boens, V. Leen, W. Dehaen, F, Chem. Soc. Rev. 4, 1130 (2012).
17. T. Kowada, H. Maeda, K. Kikuchi, Chem. Soc. Rev. 44, 4953 (2015).
18. A. Kamkaew, SH. Lim, HB. Lee, L. Voon Kiew, LY. Chung, K. Burgess, Chem. Soc. Rev. 42, 77 (2013).
19. SG. Awuahab, Y. You, RSC Adv. 2, 11169 (2012).
20. W. Qin, M. Baruah, A. Stefan, M. Van der Auweraer, N. Boens, ChemPhysChem. 6, 2343 (2005).
21. D. Frath, JE. Yarnell, G. Ulrich, FN. Castellano, R. Ziessel, ChemPhysChem. 14, 3348(2013).
22. G. Ulrich, A. Barsella, A. Boeglin, S. Niu, R. Ziessel, ChemPhysChem. 15, 2693 (2014).
23. ML. Agazzi, JE. Durantini, NS. Gsponer, AM. Durantini, SG. Bertolotti, EN. Durantini, Chem Phys Chem, 20, 1110 (2019).
24. Z-H. Pan, G-G. Luo, J-W. Zhou, J-X. Xia, K. Fang, R-B. Wu, Dalton Trans., 43, 8499 (2014).
25. J. Kabatc, B. Jedrzejewska, A. Bajorek, and J. Paczkowski, J. Fluoresc, 16, 525 (2006).
26. EN. Kaya, B. Köksoy, S. Yeşilot, M. Durmuş, Dyes and Pigments, 172, 107867 (2020).
27. Y. Liu, L. Yang, C. Ma, A. Tangb, Dyes and Pigments, 173, 107981 (2020).
28. A. Ortiz, Dyes and Pigments, 171, 107690 (2019).
29. T. Rappitsch, I. Klimant, S.M. Borisov, Dyes and Pigments, 174, 108037 (2020).
30. T. Xu, C. Yan, Y. Wu, C. Yuan, X. Shao, Dyes and Pigments, 168, 235 (2019).
31. Z. Khanjari, B. Mohtat, R. Ghiasi, H. Djahaniani, F. K. Behbahani, Main Group Chemistry, 20, 59 (2021).
32. R. Ghiasi, Z. Zandiyeh, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, 124, 108412 (2021).
33. M. Nilchi, R. Ghiasi, E. Mohammadi Nasab. Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society, 64, 4360 (2019).
34. P. Parsa, R. Ghiasi, A. Marjani. Inorganic Chemistry Communications, 127, 10849 (2021).
35. M. Kiani, R. Ghiasi, H. Pasdar, B. Mirza. Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 94, 345 (2020).
36. M. Kiani, R. Ghiasi, H. Pasdar, B. Mirza. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 300, 112327 (2020).
37. M. Laine, N. A. Barbosa, A. Kochel, B. Osiecka, G. Szewczyk, T. Sarna, P. Ziółkowski, R. Wieczorek, A. Filarowski. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 238, 548 (2017).
38. N. Shajari, R. Ghiasi, M. Soltani, A. R. Kazemizadeh, Int. J. New. Chem., 7, 283 (2020).
39. Z. Jianzhang, K. Xu, W. Yang, Z. Wang, F. Zhong. Chemical Society Reviews, 44, 8904 (2015).
40. V. Daneshdoost, R. Ghiasi, A. Marjani. Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 94, 2594 (2020).
41. Y. Zhao, D.G. Truhlar, Theor. Chem. Acc., 120, 215 (2006).