Effective Parameters on Biosynthesis of Silver using the Pelargonium sidoides Root Extract"

Document Type : Research Paper


Research Center of Modeling and Optimization in Science and Engineering, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.



A green synthetic approach using Pelargonium sidoides root extract was applied and optimized for preparing silver nanoparticles (NSs). The green synthesis of nanoparticles using plants and their extracts is considered as a representative approach in material syntheses for environmental benignity.

In this research, the root extract of Pelargonium sidoides plant has been used as a reducing agent for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles in an environmentally friendly manner without the use of toxic substances and aqueous solvents.

The synthesized NSs were investigated by X-ray diffraction method (XRD), UV-Vis spectrophotometer, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SEM and TEM images obtained show that the synthesized NSs have spherical shape with around 22 nm sizes, which is properly consistent with the results of Shearer method. Different parameters affecting the formation performance of nanoparticles such as temperature, pH, concentrations of silver nitrate and root extract and resting time were characterized and optimized.


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